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Sound Off: Why our Jewish friends celebrate
By Christi Karvasek
Hanukkah, or Chanukah as its sometimes called, falls on Dec. 4 this year and continues through Dec. 11. Most of us have heard of it, but few non-Jewish people know what it actually celebrates, at least I didnt. So I decided to look into it.
It turns out, its really not the Jewish version of Christmas. Its not even the most important Jewish holiday. It just happens to usually fall between Americas biggest holidays -- Thanksgiving and Christmas -- so we end up throwing it in with the majors. Not to say that whats celebrated is not a big deal. Heres what I found out:
Hanukkah begins at sundown and is celebrated for eight successive days. This annual festival goes back even further than the beginning of Christmas. In the year 165 BCE the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem (the only Jewish Temple in the world) was defiled by the Syrian King Antiochus who removed the temple treasures, and forbade the Jews to celebrate their holy days. He further desecrated the temple by making pagan sacrifices and dedicating the altar to the worship of Zeus.
A small group of Hasmoneans led by Judas Maccabee mounted an attack on the Syrians, and drove them out. The altar to Zeus was destroyed, a new Holy Altar was erected, and the temple was rededicated to the God of Israel. The word Chanukah means re-dedication.
After the temple was cleansed, Jewish law required a menorah (the seven-branched candelabra) to burn continuously. But there was only enough oil to burn for one day. The decision was made to light the Temple Menorah and to the amazement of everyone, it burned brightly for eight days, until they were able to obtain more oil.
Hanukkah is celebrated to honor the restoration of worship in the temple and the re-dedication of the Holy Altar. Each evening as the sun sets, the chanukiah, a nine-branched menorah, is lit in memory of the miracle of the oil. The ninth candle is used to light the rest, adding one candle each night until the eighth night, when the entire chanukiah is ablaze. The celebration is also sometimes called The Festival of Lights.
Gift-giving is not a traditional part of the holiday, but has been added in places where Jews have a lot of Christmas celebrations going on around them, however gifts are mainly for young children. The only traditional gift of the holiday is gelt, small amounts of money.
So whats the deal with the name and date always changing? What is the right name and when is it exactly?
Jewish holidays are determined by the ancient Jewish calendar, which was standardized in the 4th century. It is based on a lunar month, which begins on the first day after a new moon. There are 12.4 lunar months a year, each consisting of 29.5 days. So the Jewish calendar has 12 months, with 29 or 30 days each, plus a leap month every two to three years. So on the Jewish calendar the holidays always fall on the same day. Its just when you transfer them to a Gregorian calendar that the dates seem to change every year. Hanukkah, for example, always begins on the 25th of the ninth Jewish month, called Kislev.
And the name? Actually both are correct, as are Hannukah, Hannukkah, Chanukah, Channukkah and other variations. The spelling differences are due to transliterations into English from the original Hebrew, which is a language of symbols representing sounds vs. exact letters. But in the end, the spelling is irrelevant, because the pronunciation is the same. In Hebrew, our letter H is pronounced as the ch sound in the German Bach, or the Scottish loch. So whether you see Hanukkah, Chanukah, Hannukkah or Channukkah -- just clear your throat at the beginning and youll be correct.
Sending a Hanukkah card at Christmas? Well, now you know, thats like sending a birthday card to someone renewing their wedding vows. If youre sending Happy Hanukkah greetings to your Jewish friends and neighbors, to be meaningful, they should arrive before December 11 (the eighth day of the festival).
Happy Hanukkah to our Jewish friends on Whidbey Island!
Christi Karvasek lives in Freeland.