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A piece of history has returned to Central Whidbey.
A 270-degree fixed Fresnel lens, a light with the exact configuration of one that shone from Admiralty Head Lighthouse, is on loan from the U.S. Coast Guard during the lighthouses centennial year.
Its spectacular, Fred Terrell said; Terrell coordinates group tours at the lighthouse and Fort Casey. To have a second lens, markedly different from the one we have, is wonderful for our centennial. A lighthouse has stood at Admiralty Head since 1860; the current structure was lighted in 1902.
The structure hasnt been used as a lighthouse since it was decommissioned in 1922; records show the lantern was removed in 1928. The top of the tower, the lantern room, went to New Dungeness Lighthouse near Sequim. Records on the light itself have been lost.
The flashing lens on display at the lighthouse for years never shone over the waters of Admiralty Inlet. Tour leaders have always been careful to explain to visitors.
Volunteers research, travel
Planning for the lighthouses 100th anniversary began months ago. Volunteers have perused state and county archives, trolled library shelves and prowled the Internet to find out as much as they can about the lighthouse. And they have ventured down in the landmarks basement where a set of blueprints were uncovered.
Lighthouse volunteer Don Roth has poured over vintage maps, diaries and navigation data. Everything from Lighthouse Service records to navigation maps show a 270-degree fixed Fresnel lens at Admiralty Head. Once a particular light was designated at a particular lighthouse, it never changed, Roth said. Mariners knew lighthouses always had constant lightsources.
Last June, Roth traveled to U.S. Coast Guard Air Station, Port Angeles. As a base for an area Aids to Navigation team, Port Angeles maintains information on area lights. Roth made an exciting discovery in an upstairs hall a lens exactly like Admiralty Heads original light. This lens size was the made most often as it could be used as a harbor light or a coastal light in a lighthouse. All plates that might have been engraved with a serial number had been removed and an old Coast Guard property number did not appear on a base property inventory.
Negotiations began between Washington State Parks and the U.S. Coast Guard. Because there was no traceable data, no one knows when that light got to Port Angeles or where it came from. If Admiralty Head Lighthouses lantern room went to New Dungeness, did its light, the Fresnel lens, also go and later moved to Port Angeles? No one knows.
But the lens is the right size and has the right direction of prisms to be from Admiralty Head.
Lens a work of art
James Woodward, environmental protection specialist with the U.S. Coast Guard, dates the lens as early, circa-1870 from script etched into a metal fitting reads Sautter, a Paris, France, company. He emphasized that the lens could have been made anytime between the 1850s and the 1880s. Woodward came from Cleveland, Ohio, to assess the lens condition and to oversee its trip to Whidbey.
Woodward describes the lens as a high-quality piece of industrial artwork made at the height of the Industrial Revolution.
Woodward said every company thats taken a job of lighthouse glass has refused to make more, saying the process is too complicated. Each step of forming the glass requires exquisite precision. Each side of each prism must be ground to a different angle. Polishing takes three sessions using different levels of grit.
While lenses of this type are not made anymore, experts estimate the value of its components specialty glass and brass fittings at $250,000. Each prism, or section of glass, in the lens would cost $5,000 to replace, if a manufacturer could be found.
To historians and lighthouse enthusiasts, this lens is priceless.
Team takes meticulous care
U.S. Coast Guard, Washington State Parks and Island County/WSU officials along with BeachWatchers and Friends of Admiralty Head Lighthouse watched as a crew carefully installed the lens at the lighthouse Wednesday.
Moving the lens from the U.S. Coast Guard station in Port Angeles to Whidbey Island took two days of meticulous work, Gloria Wallin, Admiralty Head volunteer coordinator said. A special crate was built to cradle the bubble-wrapped lens. Moving the approximately 300-pound crate took well-talked-over, slow movements. Plans to lower it from a truck bed took at least 45 minutes. Maneuvering the crate up steps and into the lighthouse took another 25 minutes.
Once the crate had been opened, no one handling the lens could wear watches or rings that might scratch the glass or brass. And only essential movers were allowed near. The team took another 30 minutes to discuss lifting the lens onto its new pedestal.
Ive never dropped a lens and I want to keep that record, Woodward said.
He made the decision to lift and turn a Plexiglas covering to align the cover to the base rather than drill new fittings near the lens.
Its amazing, all the precautions that have been taken, Wallin said. Were so appreciative of the Coast Guard loaning the lighthouse the lens for our year. We dont know for sure if its ours, but we are glad its here.
See the lights
Admiralty Head Lighthouse in Fort Casey State Park now boasts two Fresnel lenses. The lighthouse is open daily during the summer from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m.
The lighthouse will celebrate its 100th anniversary in 2003. The centennial celebration will be the fourth weekend in August. Special posters, a book and other centennial memorabilia are at the lighthouse gift shop.