New bill takes aim at derelict marine vessels

A massive crane works to raise the Deep Sea, a 140-foot crab boat that sank in Penn Cove last year. Such disasters may become rarer with new legislation adopted by the Legislature last week. - Justin Burnett / Whidbey News-Times
A massive crane works to raise the Deep Sea, a 140-foot crab boat that sank in Penn Cove last year. Such disasters may become rarer with new legislation adopted by the Legislature last week.
— image credit: Justin Burnett / Whidbey News-Times

Environmental disasters such as the 2012 sinking of the F/V Deep Sea in Penn Cove may soon be a little more avoidable.

The state Legislature approved a bill last week that preserves funding for the state’s derelict vessel program and sharpens the effectiveness of existing laws.

The legislation sailed through the House and Senate with hefty majority votes and has been forwarded to Gov. Jay Inslee to sign into law.

“It’s nice to know they are making progress and doing something about the problem,” said Ian Jefferds, owner of Penn Cove Shellfish.

The mussel farm, which operates just west of Coupeville Wharf, was among those most affected by the sinking of the Deep Sea last year.

The 140-foot crab boat caught fire and went down just outside the farm’s mussel rafts, spilling thousands of gallons of diesel fuel into Penn  Cove.

The old boat was illegally moored for months. State and federal efforts to contain the spill, raise and dispose of the vessel would cost taxpayers $5.4 million.

According to Melissa Ferris, chief of the state Department of Natural Resources’s Derelict Vessel Removal Program, the state is aware of about 165 problem vessels.

Special one-time funding helped whittle down the number from more than 200 last year, but added the list never stops growing.

“We get new ones reported to us two or three times a week,” Ferris said.

This bill is not landmark legislation that will permanently end the threat of old boats sinking and polluting Puget Sound, but it will add a handful of measures to help state regulators better address the ongoing issue, Ferris said.

“There’s not going to be a night or day difference with the passage of this bill ‚Äî but in the long run it should leave us with fewer derelict vessels to deal with.”

First and foremost, it retains a $1 registration fee that was set to expire next year. With an existing $2 fee in place, that $1 represents about one-third of the program’s budget.

The new legislation also specifies about $200,000 in funding for a vessel turn-in program.

Aimed at smaller recreational vessels, this should reduce the number of boats sold for a $1 on Craigslist by owners who can’t afford to sell them properly, Ferris said.

“It would try to get these vessels out of the water while they are still floating.”

Under the bill, state owned boats would need to be inspected before being sold as would vessels over 65 feet in length that are more than 40 years old.

The idea is to help potential buyers know just what they are getting into before they take on a floating hulk they can’t afford to fix up, Ferris said.

Department of Ecology officials would also have the power to get administrative warrants — through the courts — to board and inspect potential problem vessels.

Were that option available this time last year, much of the environmental impact of the Deep Sea’s sinking may have been avoided.

“It definitely would have gotten someone onboard and gotten the fuel removed,” Ferris said.

Finally, vessel registration violations would be decriminalized. While that may seem like a step backward, officials believe it could lead to greater accountability and oversight.

The idea is that overburdened police officers might be more inclined to write a ticket for a civil infraction as opposed to pursuing a more onerous criminal misdemeanor for something a small as an expired boat registration.

That will generate additional revenue for other state programs while also helping keep better track of derelict vessel owners should they pass through multiple hands, Ferris said.

Ferris said the bill was a bi-partisan effort and widely supported in the House and Senate, though she singled out state Rep. Norma Smith, R-Clinton, was one who championed the new legislation.

Smith called the legislation a “significant first step” toward “fundamental” change in the way the state addresses derelict vessels.

And more change is on the way with additional legislation will be proposed next year, she said.

It will revamp owner responsibilities, further refine guidelines for public and private vessels before their sale, and revise protocols and regulatory obstacles that make disposing of old vessels difficult.

“There is a potential tsunami of really old vessels coming down the pike and we need to have a plan in place now to deal with them,” Smith said. “That’s what this is really all about.”

Many in Coupeville, including Jefferds, are grateful for the support in Olympia and here at home. His company is still feeling the financial and operational sting from the sinking.

When the Deep Sea went down, commercial and recreational shellfish harvesting was closed and an annual seed-set at the farm delayed.

Jefferds was  able to move the crop to the company’s other farm in Quilcene, but he’s juggled assets and employees for nearly a year to deal with the fiasco.

“We’ll be back in full form here in a few months,” Jefferds said.

“It’s just been frustrating because the delay is a direct result of this oil spill.”

He said he submitted a claim for damages to a federal oil spill fund, but it has yet to be settled.

Jefferds declined to release the amount sought, saying only that it amounted to “lost business” while operations were shut down.


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